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The tlamatlquiticitl paid regular visits to the pregnant woman in her home, where she would conduct gynecological examinations. In the case of a first-time mother, the midwife would also advise her on diet and other habits, such as making sure the water was not too hot when taking baths. The orderliness and cleanliness of Aztec society observed by the Spanish since their arrival featured strongly in childbirth customs, too.
The tlamatlquiticitl would then prepare a steam bath in the temazcal —a kind of sauna with a low roof, located just outside the home—using special smoke-free firewood and aromatic plants. Aztec skill with herbal medicine did much to reduce the trauma and pain of childbirth. Then she would give birth easily. Once the baby was welcomed into the world, the tlamatlquiticitl looked to the hygiene of the mother and the newborn.
First she took the mother back to the temazcal so she would sweat out toxins. Resins and aromatic plants both relaxed the mother and helped start milk production. This was an essential precaution, as weaning would not take place until the child was two years or older, and the Aztec had no animals whose milk could be used as a substitute.
During those four days, practical tasks were carried out along with pious rituals. The Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan fully preserves its monumentality, urban design and artistic wealth, as well as the relationship of the architectural structures with the natural environment, including its setting in the landscape. This is due to the maintenance, conservation and permanent protection the site has received. However, natural factors like rain, wind and solar radiation constantly affect the site and its elements, and are considered to be the most important threat.
Not all conservation attempts in the past were successful and some elements of the site were negatively affected by the use of inadequate materials e. This highlights the need for conservation guidelines for interventions, as requested by the World Heritage Committee in its 36th session , as well as for plans for preventive conservation and monitoring at the site.
A further serious threat is the development pressure around the site that is constantly on the rise. The first surveys date from , and the first excavations from Certain monuments were restored from to , such as the Pyramid of the Sun, for which its discoverer Leopoldo Batres arbitrarily reconstituted a fifth tier.
Since , archaeological research has been coordinated by the National Institute of Anthropology and History INAH , which, while encouraging spectacular discoveries Palacio de Quetzalmariposa, the cave under the Pyramid of the Sun , has instigated a more rigorous policy concerning identification and supervision of excavations in the immediate environs of the ceremonial zone.
While some of the earlier reconstruction work, dating from the early years of the last century, is questionable in contemporary terms, it may be considered to have a historicity of its own now. In general terms, it can be said that the condition of authenticity of the expressions of the Outstanding Universal Values of Teotihuacan, which can be found in its urban layout, monuments and art, has been preserved until today.
The law establishes public ownership of all archaeological properties, even if these are situated on privately owned lands. The presidential decrees of and that declared the Archaeological Monuments Zone at Teotihuacan were superseded by a new decree in , which defined two additional protective zones B and C and augmented the protected area to a total of more than ha. To be able to extend the site's buffer zone even further, land surrounding the archaeological zone was acquired over the last decade.
Recently, important advances were made in the negotiations with more land owners in order to extend the zone. The documents recognize the archaeological site as a driving force of development that needs protection. In a process of consultation and integration of existing information was initiated, which culminated in with the publication of the Management Plan for the Archaeological Monuments Zone of Teotihuacan. The document defines a management policy and establishes specific goals for the comprehensive protection and conservation of the site and its components.
Furthermore, the plan establishes a work outline in terms of research, preservation, diffusion, community involvement and maintenance. Name required.go to link
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